The ceramics has never been as popular in interior decoration, so we will leave today to discover this material to multiple resources.
In this article devoted to ceramics:
Ceramics comes from the word ” keramos ” meaning clay. The term ceramic designates a family of materials more commonly known as terra cotta, earthenware, sandstone or porcelain.
The ceramic has very different characteristics depending on the nature of its components and the cooking temperature and there are several categories.
However, there are two main categories:
- the porous ceramic paste comprising the tiles, terracotta and certain types of sandstone
- the waterproof paste to ceramic that relies primarily porcelain and stoneware.
The different types of ceramics are distinguished by the physical composition of the dough, the type of glaze and the heat of cooking.
Ceramic is the first art of fire to appear at the end of prehistory, even before the work of glass and metal. It is a cultural marker for many societies and to this day the most abundant material created by the hand of man.
2.1 The terracotta
Clay is obtained by baking clay. Mostly used to make sculptures or other doorways, this type of ceramic can also be used as a base for the production of bricks, tiles or tiles.
- To note: the resistance of the terracotta depends strongly on its composition and its temperature of cooking.
2.2 The faience
The faience owes its name to the Italian city of Faenza, in which this material was invented. Earthenware is a pottery with a white background made of terracotta based on enamelled or glazed clay.
There are two types of faience:
- the stanniferous earthenware , consisting of a porous paste covered with a gloss-based white tin glaze
- the fine earthenware , the previously fired whiteware and decorated, it is covered with a transparent glaze (lead-based).
- Note: faience is one of the most common and oldest techniques used in ceramics.
Sandstone, or “stoneware”, is a material made of clay with high silica content, known for its hardness and resistance to any test.
Cooked at a temperature above 1200 ° C, the clay is vitrified and thus gives a totally permeable texture, as well as various shades ranging from buff to brown through light gray or dark.
- Note: sandstone occupies, after porcelain, the second place in the production of high temperature ceramics.
2.4 The porcelain
Porcelain is a hard ceramic obtained from a mixture of kaolin, clay, feldspar and quartz. The whole thing is cooked in two stages, for the first time at 950 ° C, followed by a second between 1300 and 1400 ° C.
Porcelain is particularly used for the arts of the table (plate, dish, bowl …) but also for objects for decorative use.
- Note: porcelain has made the notoriety of the city of Limoges.
3.1 Ceramics by Aurélie Dorard
An unparalleled passion for ceramics and a sense of detail have made Aurélie Dorard a specialist in the field.
This ceramist, a graphic designer by training, has made this passion her job for three years and has her own workshop, hitched to her house in Bagnolet in the Paris region.
She works on high-temperature soils, such as sandstone and porcelain, to produce unique pieces in small series.
Aurélie Dorard’s creations are both decorative and utilitarian, with everyday objects constantly revisited by her fairy hands.
Aurélie Dorard draws her inspiration from art and nature, which she manages to recreate through touch, the contrast between various textures and palettes of sober and refined colors (blue, green, gray …).
Each piece from Aurélie Dorard’s workshop is entirely hand-made, which gives each of her creations a unique rendition.